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A ‘Forest-River-Village-Sea Ecoagriculture Initiative’ was launched in October 2016. The collaborative mechanism for promoting the Initiative involves a Task Force composed of 6 core members as well as a Multi-Stakeholder Platform comprised of about 20 interested stakeholders including local community organizations, central and local governmental institutions, local school, academics, NGOs, NPOs, green enterprises for planning, implementation and monitoring of new goal and action plan of the Ini…

To combat the rapid loss of village culture and rural environment and communities amid urbanization in Asia, Policy for Sustainability Lab launched the Sustainable Lai Chi Wo Programme to revitalize the desolate, remote traditional farming landscape at Lai Chi Wo with a view to developing a sustainable rural revitalization model.…

The Weto Landscape, a world classified bio-diversity hotspot has been realized to be losing its natural resources as a result of unsustainable use, hence the need for activities towards resilience.…

The Keta Lagoon located on the delta of the Volta River in the eastern coast of Ghana and covering a length of 126 km is the largest lagoon in Ghana. The area of the lagoon enjoys seasonal inflow of seawater during high tide from the Gulf of Guinea and regular inflow of rivers.…

Indigenous peoples’ landscapes across the world demonstrate that healthy socio- ecological production landscapes provide people with the goods and services that form the basis for sustainable development. However, global environmental change is causing significant impact on these landscapes, hindering conservation and development opportunities for future generations. The Andes high mountain environments are among the most sensitive to climate change, where the widespread retreat of glaciers is a…

The land is of collective use and property of the state. Most of the locals’ income comes from handicrafts, a few agriculture production.…

The giant water bug (Lethocerus indicus) is a species native to Taiwan, which is facing extinction owing to environmental change.…

Poverty, increasing population pressure, and lack of education and awareness, commonly result in destructive habits of the marine environment. Lack of capacity of local community in natural resource management and governance, killing of sea turtles, mangrove destruction and poor implementation of government policies regarding natural resource management are among the causes of a disintegrating coastal and marine ecosystem. Inadequate alternative livelihood spurred by high levels of poverty, unem…

This project demonstrated the effectiveness of ecological agriculture and sustainable land management in improving the livelihoods of small-scale farmers and protecting local ecosystems. In its first phase, the project directly benefitted twenty small-scale farm families.…

In the hilly landscape of Mondulkiri province in northeast Cambodia, the Phnong ethnic group accounts for up to 80% of the total population. The Phnongs depend on self-sufficient agriculture for their livelihoods.…

This paper describes the processes and initial impacts of an action research project to strengthen the resilience of smallholders and simultaneously address environmental issues in Buol District, Indonesia.…

The Kakum National Park, considered to be Ghana’s premier protected area, covers 350 km2 of moist tropical forest and represents one of the few remaining areas in West Africa's Upper Guinean Forest biodiversity hotspot with most of its plants and animals relatively intact.…

The fisheries and aquaculture sector provides a broad range of nutritional and economic benefits that support the well-being of millions around the world.…

Biodiversity conservation is a key global sustainability issue. Land use change due to expansion of agriculture, tourism, and development projects is contributing to loss of habitat and species at an alarming rate. Moreover, indiscriminate logging of forests for immediate monetary need is further degrading forests and habitats.…

This paper is designed to contribute to enhancing knowledge on the linkage between humans and nature in a socio-ecological production landscape and seascape (SEPLS) through providing analyses of the livelihood activities of the H’re indigenous community in Kon Tum province, Central Highlands of Vietnam.…

Ecosystem degradation in upper catchment of Lake Naivasha in Kenya poses major threats to the overall watershed and people living in the Lake Naivasha agro-production landscape.…

Lake Victoria Basin has a population of 40 million, with a population density of 250 people per square kilometre. Lake Victoria is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya.…

This case study is based upon the data reservoir of the Unnayan Onneshan research institute, which undertakes several biodiversity conservation programmes and conducts research on the Sundarbans.…

Situated in Central Italy, in Southern Tuscany, the lagoon of Orbetello is a unique ecosystem connected to the sea. It covers an area of 27 square kilometres and is both a reproduction site for several fish and an economic resource for the local population.…

From 2014, the National Dong-Hwa University (NDHU) has been working with the Forest Bureau on the pilot works. A first draft of a National Strategic Framework for Promoting Satoyama Initiative in Taiwan was proposed by NDHU in 2014 and adopted by the Forest Bureau in 2015. Promotion of the Satoyama Initiative in Taiwan has become a new policy announced by the new minister of Council of Agriculture in May 2016 and by the new director of the Forest Bureau in July 2016. The Satoyama Initiative in T…

Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh, India, is known as a state with a high number of indigenous tribes who are residing in the vicinity of forests and earn their livelihood from forest resources along with subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry. The use of forest resources can be sustainable if properly managed but has become increasingly unsustainable due to intensifying exploitation and market pressure. The project aimed to implement an integrated approach to sustainable development and i…

The fisheries sector of Ghana plays an important role in contributing significantly to national economic development objectives related to employment, livelihood support, poverty reduction, food security, foreign exchange earnings and resource sustainability (MOFA, 2016). The Effutu Municipality is one of the vibrant fishing hubs in the Central region of Ghana. The Muni Pomadze Ramsar site is a key coastal resource within the Effutu Municipality supporting both community livelihoods and sustaini…

This project demonstrated that through the implementation of Landscape Management Tools it´s possible to improve the well-being and promote more sustainable livelihoods in a rural community, that faces the consequences of inadequate use of land and biodiversity.…

Climate change risking Indonesian farmers in deciding plantation’s timeline and avoiding crop failures. Additionally, Indonesia relies on rice as a staple food, requiring more sustainable landscape and irrigated rice systems.…

Founded in 1997, Tse-Xin Organic Agriculture Foundation (TOAF) is a non-profit organization committed to promoting a healthy environment while improving livelihoods and human well-being through the principles of organic agriculture.…

Changing Geo-environmental factors are entirely different from those of urban anthropogenic systems.…

To develop a comprehensive understanding of the state and dynamics of the ecosystems and their services in Barshong Gewog in Tsirang, Bhutan and the nexus with human wellbeing.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Landscape Geography The target landscape selected as the focus of COMDEKS activities in Kyrgyzstan is a coastal strip around Lake Issyk-Kul, located in Issyk-Ku…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Programme (COMDEKS) was launched in 2011 to support local community activities that maintain and rebuild target production landscapes and seascapes, and to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences from successful on-the-ground actions so that, if feasible, they can be adapted by other communities throughout the world to their specific conditions.…

Cocoa farming is the major economic activity for over 80 percent of inhabitants within the KCA. Extension services is major challenge faced by farmers within the area. This limitation is affecting productivity levels, and thus household incomes. Farmers are adapting by increasing their farms sizes into forested areas as means of shoring up productivity. Additionally, monitoring system of farmers’ productivity is limited. This project will implement an integrated package program for cocoa farmers…

Natural forests in Huong Son district have been rapidly degrading due to poor management, illegal logging and replacement by rubber and acacia plantations. Yet these forests include locally valuable tree species, which are vitally important to local communities for their livelihood and cultural identity, as well as to maintain wildlife habitats. The project therefore focused on restoring the stands of local tree species and maintaining indigenous knowledge associated with these species. It built…

The Project organised a workshop to launch the Satoyama Initiative National Network (SINN) for organisations and institutions working in Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes. The theme of the workshop was “Enhancing benefits for people and biodiversity in Socio Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes in Uganda. It introduced the concept of the Satoyama Initiative to over 50 participants from various institutions and organisations working in SEPLS in the country, which seek…

Many cultural landscapes of Russia are located in rural areas where living standards are low, the unemployment rate is high, and the economy has priority over the preservation of local cultures. Protected area (PA) managers and other key stakeholders do not have enough skills, knowledge or resources to effectively manage cultural and socio- ecological landscapes. The Environmental Education Center Zapovedniks therefore implemented this project in Shulgan-Tash Zapovednik (Ural Mountains) to foste…

Highly valued socio-ecological production landscapes (SEPLs) have to adapt to changing conditions along with globalisation processes in the food and energy sector, demographic and climate change and shifting expectations of food consumers and landscape users.…

Increasing pressures on protected areas in the form of intensification of authorised and unauthorised uses requires that governance policies and management approaches be dynamic within reasonable timesframes to prevent degradation and loss.…

Ancient grain renaissance. A system called mezzadria, set in place in most Tuscan agricultural areas for many centuries, is a socio-ecological production landscape (SEPL) consisting of a share cropping system whereby the farmer pays a share (usually half, as the etymology of the word mezzadria suggests) of the products to the landowner as rent. A podere, a piece of land surrounding a house assigned to a mezzadro of a size manageable by a family, is almost entirely self-sufficient.…

Different strategies that go beyond a conservationist approach are required for the management of SEPLS and their agrobiodiversity.…

Strengthening local capacity in biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement is considered to be one of the important outcomes of Local Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (LBSAP) preparation and implementation.…

Can we achieve the dual goals of biodiversity conservation and improved lives for indigenous communities? H Village of Yunnan province is one of the successful cases.…

Taking the agricultural production and the ecological environment conservation into consideration at the same time has already become the target of sustainable agricultural development.…

Three million hectares of the coastal region of Peru region are under an arid climate, frequently influenced by the “El Niño” phenomenon and considered as barren or severely degraded land. The project aimed to test and build the resilience of this arid landscape by promoting potential forestry and agro-forestry activities and to formulate a national plan and strategy for arid area restoration, and establishing a collaborative institutional setting for their implementation in a participatory and …

Rwoho forest edge communities comprise peasants that depend on rain-fed agriculture.…

For conservation of biological diversity to be holistic, the diverse types of ecosystem and ecological communities occurring in a given landscape or country should be part of the conservation portfolio.…

In rural semi-arid Ghana, individual families and households deliberately use lands and plots around their homesteads or family compound homes as farms through the effective combination and interaction of cropping, livestock, poultry, and agroforestry schemes.…

An investigation of the valorization of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources for sustainable management has been conducted in two sacred forests: Gbévozoun and Gnahouizoun.…

Majority of people living in rural areas in Kenya derive goods and services from the available natural resources.…

The “community-owned” wildlife conservancy model was an idea that emerged from the central theme, “benefits beyond boundaries,” of the 2003 International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Parks Congress held in Durban, South Africa. This theme implied ensuring the flow of revenues and other nonmonetary benefits of parks to communities whose homes bordered the parks.…

In recent times, the implementation of traditional natural resource management and conservation methods has declined because of various factors, including weak traditional regulations, increasing population, and adoption of Western lifestyles.…

Current agricultural intensification approaches focus on the narrow objective of boosting yield and tend to neglect the socio-ecological value of home garden agroforestry systems.…

This study examined how the satoyama*1 culture has been and is being passed on to future generations in the Sakihama district of Ofunato City, Iwate Prefecture, through literature searches, on-site investigations, and interviews.…

Extensively managed mountain hay meadows are the richest terrestrial ecosystems of Europe, because they consist of a very high number of plant, insect and other animal species. However, Europe has lost more and more of these sites. The extensive management is very labour intensive and provides a very low income. This had led to an intensifi cation of many extensive grasslands, conversion to pastures or arable fi elds, or their abandonment. Under this project Landcare Germany and the Pogány-havas…

In 2005, the concept of landscape/seascape conservation was introduced into the amended Cultural Heritage Preservation Law of Taiwan as a new legal subject entitled ‘ Cultural Landscape’. Cultural Landscape is a new concept for Taiwan which emphasises the interaction of local people and land. In Hualien County, a potential Cultural Landscape site, a two-year participatory action research project was conducted from May 2011 to June 2013. The current project followed up on the results of the earli…

The Effutu traditional area has an age-old custom of two groups of traditional warriors catching a live bushbuck with their bare hands from a communal sacred hunting ground for their annual Aboakyir (“deer” hunting) festival. The festival is not only an embodiment of the culture and identity of the people, but also serves as a source of community cohesion. In the last three years, however, neither of the two groups have captured a live animal for the annual festival, indicating that the bushbuck…

In March 2013, Aichi Prefecture adopted the Aichi Biodiversity Strategy 2020 in order to realize “Coexistence between People and Nature in Aichi”.…

The CBD emphasized the important roles of “in situ conservation” and traditional knowledge, while more local participation and benefit sharing may be crucial to achieve the Aichi Targets in the next five years.…

This paper focuses on community-based initiatives in socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) that relate to the monitoring of the status of, and changes in, ecosystems and related community health and well-being.…

Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources constitute the foundation for human well-being.…

Introduction *This case study was first published in the Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review, Vol. 1.
The introduction of FFS approach to organic vegetables farmers in Vietnam occurred in the early 1990s. During the period 2000 to 2009 FFS was adopted largely through agricultural project supported by international donor such as Agricultural Development Denma…

In order to understand farmers’ perceptions of resilience in socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS), a participatory field assessment was conducted in Kenya.…

The Vava’u archipelago in the Kingdom of Tonga was identified as a priority area by the Tongan Government for implementation of a Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded biodiversity conservation project executed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme.…

North Western Ghats is known for rich cultural and biological diversity, but is under accelerating anthropogenic pressure because the area is sparsely covered by protected areas and most forests in the area are owned by communities. Insufficient community awareness of the role of biodiversity and ecosystem services in their livelihood, as well as their limited incentives to conserve these elements have resulted in mass scale replacement of forests into commercial monocrop plantations, biodiversi…

Our case study is focused on common land and especially on mountain pastures as the most often manifestation of common land in Slovenia by using the example of Velika planina Plateau located in the centre of Slovenia.…

Since 2011, the Forestry Bureau, COA, has been subsiding EEFT for promoting the "Gongliao-Terraced-Paddy-Field Conservation Program" in the Shungxi River Valley, which is one of the largest watershed in Northern-Eastern Taiwan.…

Sustainable use provisions under article 10(c) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) require States Parties to …” protect and encourage customary use of biological resources in accordance with traditional cultural practices that are compatible with conservation and sustainable use requirements.”…

This Study is a collaborative action research activity participated in by community members.…

This research project studied the sustainable, customary use of biological resources by highland communities in Northern Thailand.…

In Uganda, native vegetation outside protected areas is being rapidly lost to conversion to crop fields. Even the fruit trees that had been maintained in a traditional ‘parkland’ agroforestry system in smallholder farms is now cut and exploited for charcoal production. The vegetation loss cannot be easily halted when tangible economic and subsistence benefi ts are not being realised from these trees. The NGO Nature and Livelihoods therefore aimed to explore the potential to develop high value ma…

Poor ecological status and socio- economic conditions in the coastal areas of Camana represent the degraded semi-arid and sub- humid tropical zones of Peru. The area thus requires the development of alternative social, economic and environmental activities adapted to water scarcity, in order to support the restoration of degraded ecosystems and to improve the living conditions of local communities. This project evaluated the results and impacts of two previous projects that restored Caesalpinea …

In Austria, being a very mountainous country, central elements of the cultural landscape (= SEPLs) are mountain meadows and pastures.…

Since its establishment in 2012, Hokusetsu Satoyama Leader Training Session has aimed to acquire a deeper understanding of satoyama and develop active human resources for enhancing satoyama activities.…

Congjiang County is located in the southeast of Qian Dongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture of Guizhou Province, China.…

Senegal imports six times more rice than it produced. In order to reduce the cereal deficit, the Senegalese government has undertaken the restoration and valorisation of saline soils.…

In Thailand, Karen people’s traditional livelihood system is recognised by the Ministry of Culture as an important heritage of the country based on a Thai Cabinet Resolution in 2010. Further, the revision of the Resolution in 2013 recognised the Karen people’s rotational farming system as a cultural herigage. Regardless of these national policies, the Karen’s socio-ecological production system in Mae Umphai village was placed under the threat of replacement due to commercial corn production. As …

Conventional tea farming in Taiwan requires the application of herbicides and pesticides to control pests, which cause serious negative impacts on the surrounding biodiversity. In Hualien County of eastern Chinese Taipei, however, at least two tea farming families completely stopped the use of pesticides and are using tea pests as their allies to produce a value-added tea product. Tea leaves damaged by green leafhopper, a species formerly considered as a pest, gave the tea a unique honey flavour…

Many cultural landscapes of Russia are located in rural areas where living standards are low, unemployment rate is high, and economy is prioritised over the preservation of local cultures. Protected area managers and other key stakeholders do not have enough skills, knowledge or resources to effectively manage cultural and socio-ecological landscapes. The Environmental Education Center Zapovedniks therefore implemented this project to foster the capacity of and collaboration between protected ar…

The overall goal of the project is to mainstream biodiversity conservation into the cocoa growing landscape in the Kakum Conservation Area.…

The Katmandu Forestry College (KAFCOL) was requested by the Nepali Government to review the national Biodiversity Strategy (2002) and Implementation Plan (2006-2010) to provide a foundation for the revision of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP). In this context, and with an aspiration for realistic biodiversity planning, KAFCOL focused on a bottom-up development of local biodiversity strategy and action plans (LBSAPs) with Village Development Committees (VDCs), the smalle…

Mangroves are considered one of the world's most productive ecosystems (RAMSAR Convention).…

Lack of access to modern energy amongst the poor inIndia is a major roadblock towards the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and a crucial development challenge facing the country. More than 400 million Indians lack adequate access to electricity/alternate energy, which inhibits education, income generation, and access to information.…

On the bases of data/information collected by CIMR through its different research programs in this area it has been estimated that deforestation caused drastic impacts on environment, biodiversity and people of the villages around Ayubia National Park (ANP).…

Increasing economic and population growth in Indonesia has increased the demand for more protein. This growth has led to intensification of livestock production.…

Cambodia supports globally important populations of wide-ranging, large-bodied bird species that are threatened by agricultural intensification and expansion, trade-driven hunting and chick/egg collection at nest sites. To address this problem of escalating biodiversity loss in the Northern Plains and Tonle Sap Lake and Floodplain and encourage community participation, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and partners designed a project with three financial incentive schemes.…