Contributions of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes to the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 in the Group of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries

2018.10.30

  • SUBMITTED ORGANISATION

  • Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD)

  • DATE OF SUBMISSION

  • 30/10/2018

  • REGION

  • Global

  • COUNTRY

  • Global

  • SUMMARY

  • The maintenance of functional integrity and health of ecosystems within protected areas is dependent not only on the protection provided but also on the ecological, economic and social interactions with surrounding areas. Efforts to create pathways for achieving socio-economic development that safeguard ecosystems and biodiversity are essential for building sustainable societies. Improving the impact of societies on protected areas is a key issue in the group of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries (LMMCs) which are home to over 50 percent of the world’s population and around 70 percent of its biodiversity. In order to facilitate the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11, an analysis was performed to determine the extent to which LMMCs’ commitments make use of sustainable productive strategies and whether the commitments incorporate the perspectives of the Satoyama Initiative. Commitments from the LMMCs addressing the qualitative elements of Target 11 were drawn from National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans, National Priority Actions, 5th National Reports and protected areas-related biodiversity projects from the fifth and sixth replenishment of the Global Environment Facility. Commitments related to Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS) were identified as those which address sustainable productive practices. The relevant text was extracted and analysed in relation to the contribution of proposed actions to enhance the elements of Target 11 and perspectives of the Satoyama Initiative. The results indicate that a subset of LMMCs’ commitments to Target 11 is aligned with the perspectives of the Satoyama Initiative. These commitments are predominantly related to integration and equitable management of protected areas, elements of Target 11 whose progress was deemed to require more action to meet the target by 2020. By embracing the network of the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI) partners and making use of the SEPLS strategy, the LMMCs could gain access to valuable knowledge and funding to accelerate implementation. Considering the importance of LMMCs to biodiversity, implementation of the SEPLS-related commitments from these countries will have global impacts for biodiversity conservation, contribute to the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11and promote sustainable socio-economic development.

  • KEYWORD

  • protected areas, Satoyama Initiative, biodiversity conservation, CBD, sustainable development, SEPLS

  • AUTHOR

  • Bruno Leles, SCBD, Sao Paulo State University; Sarah Stephen, SCBD, Georg-August Universität Göttingen,; Megan Schmidt, SCBD, Concordia University; Patrick Gannon, SCBD, Concordia University; Edjigayehu Seyoum-Edjigu, SCBD; Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias,University of Brasilia; Jamison Ervin, United Nations Development Programme, David Cooper, SCBD; Sarat Babu Gidda, SCBD

Summary Sheet

The summary sheet for this case study is available here.

Background

The functional integrity and health of ecosystems within protected areas is dependent not only on the protection provided but also on the ecological, economic and social interactions with surrounding areas (Ervin et al. 2010; Rees et al. 2017; Watson et al. 2016). Efforts to create pathways for achieving socio-economic development that safeguards ecosystems and biodiversity are essential for building a sustainable society and conserving protected areas for the long-term. This idea is embedded in the elements[1] of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11, which states that: “By 2020, at least 17 percent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes” (CBD 2010).

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