SDM Project: Enhancing Upland Adaptation to Multidimensional Shocks and Stressors for Improving Livelihood and Landscape
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Indonesia
Coffee Business Development Centre – Pagar Alam, Nedcoffee, Centre for Global Food and Resources – University of Adelaide
DATE OF SUBMISSION
Vulnerability, Adaptation, Sustainable Coffee, Market Access
Pagar Alam is an upland coffee production area, located in the upstream of Musi, one of the largest and critical watersheds in Sumatra, Indonesia. This area faces various environmental and economic challenges that contribute to smallholders’ vulnerability. The previous capacity building initiative for local farmers by the government was mainly focused on productivity and quality, without integrating any strategy to improve farmers’ resilience or any strategy on landscape conservation. Therefore, this project undertook vulnerability and farming profitability assessments to gain a better understanding of smallholders’ vulnerability. The assessment indicated the need to reduce socio-economic vulnerability to lower the threat of degradation towards the upland landscape, by connecting smallholders to a better coffee market. Based on the assessment results, the team collaborated with NedCoffee and Starbucks Farmers Support Centre to organise a Sustainable Coffee Workshop for coffee stakeholders. The project also facilitated coffee farmer groups to access a better coffee market as well as access funding from the banking sector. The project shows that vulnerability to socio-economic shocks could drive further environmental degradation, and that adaptation requires a holistic approach taking into account local livelihood and landscape integrity. Opportunities are available to link the commodity market with initiatives to maintain landscape quality while improving the local livelihood through sustainable agricultural practices. A multi-scale collaboration with the government and private sector is required to promote the approach.
A female smallholder dries the coffee cherries in her yard