International Satoyama Intiative

IPSI, the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative, promotes collaboration in the conservation and restoration of sustainable human-influenced natural environments (Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes: SEPLS) through broader global recognition of their value.

Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University


Zhejiang A & F University (ZAFU), one of the top universities in Zhejiang province in China, has distinguished itself by its ecological endeavor. ZAFU also boasts one of two universities designated as the demonstration bases for ecological civilization education in China. As a comprehensive university, ZAFU stands out among others by its remarkable achievements in research of protection and utilization of local natural landscape and biodiversity:

  1. Protection and utilization of cultural vegetation landscapes

Protection and utilization of bamboo natural recourses, which includes research on management measures, insects control, bamboo shoots and bamboo timber output promotion, bamboo forest landscape tourism development to enhance the social, economic and ecological results and landscape benefits. ZAFU has global influence in research of bamboo sustainable management in mitigating climate change.

Protection of cryptomeria fortunei. As a national nature reserve, Mt. Tianmu possesses big and 1000-year-old cryptomeria fortunei biocoenosis, which have an average DBH of over 80 cm and a height of 30 m, the DBH of the biggest tree reaching 2 m. The landscape and bio-diversity value is second to none in east China. ZAFU focuses on such protection work as age and insect control, species protection, science popularization and etc.

Protection of broad-leaved evergreen forests, a typical zonal vegetation landscape in sub-tropical area in China, unique in the world. Our research mainly includes protection and rehabilitation techniques.

Protection of torreya and hickory forests, special local products and main income  sources of Zhejiang province. ZAFU does a lot of research on productivity and yield promotion, forests protection, insects control, rational fertilization and region landscape effect.

2. Protection and utilization of natural landscape and biodiversity

Biodiversity inventory of national nature reserves. Works like Mt.Tianmu Flora, Mt. Tianmu Entomography have been published, producing multiple values in research, science education, landscape, ecology, tourism, and etc.

Protection and utilization of forest parks. By ecological protection and development, local economy is promoted and benefits of landscape, tourism, society and ecology are successfully achieved.

As the cradle of Wu Yue culture, Zhejiang is rich in natural and cultural landscapes such as ancient villages and towns. ZAFU targets at integration of protection and utilization, via design of landscape, to preserve the original style, and meanwhile meet the functional requirements of modern people and promote new rural development.