International Satoyama Intiative

IPSI, the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative, promotes collaboration in the conservation and restoration of sustainable human-influenced natural environments (Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes: SEPLS) through broader global recognition of their value.

Socio-Ecological Landscape Change as a Preamble to Mountainous Urban Watershed Rejuvenation, Kanshi of the Jhelum River Basin, Potohar Plateau, Pakistan


INTRODUCTION  The rejuvenation of watershed areas is crucial as they are water supply sources for socio-ecological production landscape developments also in downstream command areas. About 100 years ago, the Pakistan was considered as an agricultur... [ more ]

A Multi-Dimensional Assessment of Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services in Barshong, Bhutan


Summary Sheet The summary sheet for this case study is available here. Full Text (PDF) The full text of this case study is available in PDF format here. Executive Summary Occupying nearly 24% of the world’s land surface, mountains are home to ... [ more ]

COMDEKS Project: Natewa-Tunuloa Peninsula, Fiji


Summary Sheet The summary sheet for this case study is available here. The Landscape Geography The target landscape for COMDEKS activities in Fiji is the Natewa-Tunuloa Peninsula, covering an area of about 25,000 hectares. It is located on t... [ more ]

COMDEKS Project: Weto Range, Ghana

Summary Sheet The summary sheet for this case study is available here. The Landscape Geography The target landscape for the COMDEKS project in Ghana is the Weto Range. The Weto landscape forms the southern part of the Togo-Atakora Range, a b... [ more ]

COMDEKS Project: Tukombo-Kande Region, Malawi

Summary Sheet The summary sheet for this case study is available here. The Landscape Geography The target landscape for COMDEKS activities in Malawi is the Tukombo-Kande area, located in Nkhata Bay District in northern Malawi, 330 km north o... [ more ]

COMDEKS Project: Himalayan State of Uttarakhand, India

Summary Sheet The summary sheet for this case study is available here. The Landscape Geography The COMDEKS target landscape in India includes an area of approximately 50,000 ha spread over six locations in Uttarakhand in the country’s nort... [ more ]

Indicator species for agrobiodiversity in rice paddy fields: Research and its application in eastern rural Taiwan


Introduction Paddy is one of the major crops in the monsoon Asia. Through environmentally friendly farming and proper management of paddy fields, the biodiversity in the socio-ecological production landscapes (SEPLs) can be revitalised and conserved... [ more ]

To leave the satoyama culture for the future using Sakihama as an example


1. Overview of the Sakihama district (1) Location and land use The Sakihama district is located east of Okirai, in the town of Sanriku, that is about 20 kilometers from the center of the city of Ofunato. The Kobezaki Lighthouse marks the easternmo... [ more ]

The Common Mountain Pastures in The Velika Planina Plateau


Mountain pastures in Slovenia Mountain pasturing in Slovenia is primarily linked to the Alps. They occur mainly in previously forested areas, with a few also at and above the tree line (Ringler 2009). The oldest written records of mountain pasturing... [ more ]

Facilitating biological and freshwater resource conservation by agricultural activities at Gongliao-Hoho-Terraced-Paddy-Fields, Taiwan


1. Background Gongliao located at the rainy low-elevated hill area in the Northern-Eastern Taiwan. Over the past 160 years, numerous farmers had built thousands of hectares of terraced paddy fields in the winding Shuangxi River Valley. However, th... [ more ]

Wa Wiizi – Wa Kaduzu: Our Territory – Our Custom


Sustainable use provisions under article 10(c) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) require States Parties to ...” protect and encourage customary use of biological resources in accordance with traditional cultural practices that a... [ more ]

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: Customary Use of Biodiversity & Traditional Cultural Practices in Bangladesh

This Study is a collaborative action research activity participated in by community members. It explores the nature of the Sundarban Reserve Forest, and the strategies for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use as well as the qualitative p... [ more ]

Indigenous Knowledge, Customary Use of natural Resources and Sustainable Biodiversity Management: Case Study of Hmong and Karen Communities in Thailand

This research project studied the sustainable, customary use of biological resources by highland communities in Northern Thailand. It was undertaken with the objectives of studying the knowledge, customs, and traditions practiced by the Hmong a... [ more ]

Mountain pasture management in the Sölktäler Nature Park


Austria is a country of mountains. Around 70% of its federal territory, more than 50% of its total agriculturally utilised land (BMLFUW 2014A) and 38.4% of the agricultural holdings (STATISTIK AUSTRIA 2012) are located in mountainous areas. Mountai... [ more ]

Hokusetsu Satoyama Leader Training Session


Introduction Throughout the history of Japan, many people have received the blessings of satoyama forests, thanked them, and lived along with them. The relationship between Japanese people and satoyama has helped foster their wealthy imaginati... [ more ]

Dong People’s Rice-Fish-Duck Symbiotic System in China


1.      Background China is a large agricultural country, with the rapid development of economy and science and technology, and thousands of years of traditional agricultural production methods will soon be replaced by modern agricultural metho... [ more ]

Restoration and valorisation of the saline soils of Ndoff to scale up rice production in Senegal


Full text available in French only  ... [ more ]

Mainstreaming Biodiversity into the Cocoa Growing Landscape in the Kakum Conservation Area in Ghana


Context Cocoa production is a major economic activity for rural folks in the Upper Guinea Hotspot, one of the world’s 25 biologically rich (Ministry of Environment and Science 2002) and the most endangered terrestrial region. Cocoa farms const... [ more ]

Recovery of Mouthless Crab (Cardisoma crassum) Populations in Mangrove Forests of the Chone River Estuary (Ecuador)


1. CONTEXT 1.1 Mangrove ecosystems and their importance. Mangroves are found within the intertidal fringes of tropical and subtropical coasts, as this is a transitional ecosystem between marine and coastal environments. These areas consist of man... [ more ]

India Organic Waste Management Programme (IOWMP)


INTRODUCTION Waste disposal is a rapidly growing problem in India across rural and urban households, communities and institutions like hostels, hospitals, convents, and old age-homes, et. al. Rising quantities and poor management of organic waste le... [ more ]

Sustainable Agro and Community forestry in localities around Ayubia National Park, Western Himalayas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK Province), Pakistan


[caption id="attachment_9986" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Map of study area, Location of Ayubia National Park, KPK[/caption] Like most of the mountainous areas of the world, Pakistan mountainous (marginal) area’s communities are mostly depr... [ more ]

Diversifying forage composition to improve milk production and quality through participatory learning


Introduction As the economy of Indonesia is growing along with the population, the need for protein from livestock products has increased. The higher demand for livestock products such as milk has encouraged farmers to intensify their farming system... [ more ]

A grassroots programme to support a traditional Eastern European community managing traditional High Nature Value landscapes in the Carpathians


Of all countries in the EU, Romania has the highest proportion of the population engaged in agriculture, whilst average farm sizes are the smallest. Romania has 29% of the EU’s agricultural holdings, it has 20% of Europe’s agricultural workers, h... [ more ]

Conserving a Suite of Cambodia’s Highly Threatened Bird Species

Project Description To secure core populations of a suite of thirteen globally threatened bird species at four sites in Cambodia, WCS implemented a series of innovative conservation interventions focusing on providing direct incentives to local comm... [ more ]

The Cyprus Buffer Zone as a Socio-Ecological Landscape


1. Introduction The island of Cyprus has been divided across ethnic lines since 1974, and in some areas since 1963. The current Buffer Zone was established as a cease-fire line on 16th of August 1974 and has been depicted over the last four decade... [ more ]

Participatory, Learning and Action (PLA) Project for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resources Management in Lao PDR

1.  Introduction Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center, Japan (OECC) Technical Committee commenced a scheme “the SATO Village Framework Development Plan in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos)” in fiscal year 2008.  This scheme was co... [ more ]

Collaborative Planning and Management of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes: a Rice Paddy Cultural Landscape Conservation in an Indigenous Community, Taiwan


Project Description This two-year action research project was commissioned by the Hualien County Cultural Affairs Bureau and implemented from May 2011 to June 2013 by the National Dong-Hwa University. The goal was to facilitate a collaborative plann... [ more ]

Restoration Satoyama Landscapes in Three Regions of Cambodia: Activities and Lessons Learned


Cambodia is a country being rich in natural resources, especially forests that cover 59.09 percent of the country (FAO, 2010). Agriculture plays an important role in Cambodia, with more than 70 percent of population is engaging in agriculture sector,... [ more ]

Outline of Wakasa Town’s (Fukui Prefecture) Activities Relating to Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes (SEPLS)


1 Goal of this case study’s activities In the current world where lifestyles are changing and people’s involvement with nature is decreasing, through learning from the ideas and wisdom of our forerunners, and preserving the nature of the SATOY... [ more ]

A story about biodiversity “Cheburashka walking in the woods”


Cheburashka and Gena the crocodile are visiting a dacha. Dacha is a Russian word that describes a vacation home with a private garden. They spend peaceful time together here, taking care of their vegetables and fruits, going to pick mushrooms and ras... [ more ]

Restoration of Community Deforested Forests for Mitigation of Negative Effects of Climate Change Mpigi-Uganda


The rate of environmental degradation in Mpigi district has been gradually increasing over time and some areas, which were originally forested, have been made bare by the inhabitants of the areas as a result of cutting down trees for timber and fuel ... [ more ]

Community Development to Live in Harmony with the Oriental White Stork in Toyooka City, Hyogo, Japan


1 Regional Profile Toyooka City is located in the northeast part of Hyogo Prefecture. It is bordered by Kyoto Prefecture in the east and the Sea of Japan in the north, and was formed by merging Toyooka City, Kinosaki Town, Takeno Town, Hidaka Town... [ more ]

Observation of functioning of Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (KCA): the region’s first community owned conservation area


Kanchanjunga Conservation Area (KCA) lies within 670.45’-880.15’ East longitude and 270.30’-280.00 North latitude and located in the Northeastern corner of Nepal. The Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (KCA) located at the north-eastern part of ... [ more ]

Socio-ecological production landscapes in Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve


Introduction Nowadays the world population is estimated to number 7 billion, and perhaps, will reach more than 9 billion in this century. In order to survive as a species on a finite planet, human beings must learn to integrate more harmon... [ more ]

Landscape conservation in the Black Forest, Germany


 Regional background of the Black Forest (Pic. 1: Cultural landscape in the Black Forest, photographer: Hans Page) The Black Forest is located in the southeast of Germany, Central Europe. In former times Europe and the region of the Bla... [ more ]

Land use change in Uganda’s drylands, impacts, and opportunities for enhancing livelihood sustainability


Introduction There are three major categories of drylands: Arid zones with rainfall of 200-500 mm/year, Semi-arid zones which receive 500-1000 mm of rainfall/year, and Dry sub-humid zones with 1000-1500 mm rainfall/year (UNDP, UNEP & UNCCD... [ more ]

Assessment of Lentic-Lotic Basin Biodiversity Improvement through a Cyclic Platform Process of Management


I. Introduction The riparian and watershed basins of lentic-lotic (e.g., lake-river, pond-stream, wetland-feeder river) systems are among the most bio-diverse ecosystems on the globe, and they have been facing serious threats of degradation. T... [ more ]

Community Forest Restoration for the Integrated Management of Lake Chapala Basin


Introduction             The Lake Chapala basin includes the water body of same name, the largest one in Mexico and the third in size in Latin America (Figure 1). Most of forest ecosystems at the basin present degraded areas derived o... [ more ]

Governance at Community Level for Conserving Himalayan Lake Rupa in Kaski District of Nepal

Background The Himalayan lakes refer to all lakes that are fed either directly or indirectly with water outsourced from the Himalaya irrespective to any shapes and sizes of lakes in varying geography in Nepal (Pokharel and Nakamura 2011). ‘... [ more ]

Ujjani Reservoir: People’s Initiative for Protection of Water Quality

Introduction In a decade, water quality of 7 rivers of Pune – namely Mula, Mutha, Pawana, Indrayani, Ram, Ambil and Nagzari deteriorated over the period of time with respect to two critical parameters – Dissolved Oxygen (very important of life i... [ more ]

Integrated Lake Basin Management (ILBM), Impacts on Biodiversity and Child Malnutrition: A Case Study of Tribal Belt in Western Part of India

Introduction  There are several small water bodies confined in the forest cover of western part of India dominated by several tribal races which are socio economically backward and deprived of modern health facilities because of non accessibility a... [ more ]

Multi-Stakeholders’ Efforts for the Sustainable Management of Tadlac Lake, the Philippines

1. Background Tadlac Lake and Environs Tadlac Lake is one of the 8 crater lakes found within the watershed of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines (Figure 1). It is located in the Province of Laguna, specifically at Barangay Tadlac ... [ more ]

Role of Traditional Knowledge in Strengthening Socio-ecological Production Landscapes


The work brings together five communities of Tinoc, Ifugao, Philippines and two IP organizations; the MRDC who works directly with indigenous peoples’ organizations on sustainable production food systems for 30 years and Tebtebba, who works and has... [ more ]

Planting seeds for rooted change, towards community rights in flourishing forests

INTRODUCTION The necessity of regenerating forests and making the forestry sector more beneficial to Vietnamese people is widely agreed upon. Yet the prevailing reality is that vast amounts forests that should long belong to people are still und... [ more ]

Utilization of natural pastures in Huascarán National Park by local Andean ‘pasture users’ and ‘campesino communities’


Huascarán National Park Huascarán National Park is situated in the central western región of Peru, within the Department of Ancash (see Figure 1 below). It  was established on July 1, 1975, by Supreme Decree N ° 0622-75-AG. It is a Natural Pr... [ more ]

Building and Supporting Resilient Biocultural Territories in the Face of Climate Change


I. Introduction Socio-ecological production landscapes, or Satoyama-like landscapes are the product of historical co-evolutionary relationships between communities and ecosystems. Most indigenous peoples have historically maintained harmonious rel... [ more ]

Integrating community development with the management of grasslands and wetlands at Ke’erqin nature reserve

BACKGROUND Within the past thirty years, the total area of nature reserves in China has rapidly expanded to 14% of the country’s total land area, providing protection for endangered species and representative ecosystems in a qualified sense. Tradi... [ more ]

National Action Plan for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes (Satochi-satoyama)


1.      Background (1)   Definition and characteristics of Satochi-satoyama Satochi-satoyama refers to an area consisting of farmlands, irrigation ponds, secondary forest, plantation forest, and grasslands around human settlements. It is... [ more ]

Tropical forests for local people


Forests are particularly important resources for the rural poor in tropical countries, with over 800 million people living in forests and woodlands in the tropics. Forest communities include indig-enous peoples and other local groups which have been ... [ more ]

The Scattered Fruit Tree Meadows of the Swabian Alb


In European landscapes, people and nature have co-evolved over centuries. How these cultural landscapes look like, is the result of persistent landscape change following from of a highly diverse variety of land uses. A typical traditional landscape s... [ more ]

On-Farm Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources: A Case Study from Wayanad District of Kerala, India


Introduction India is a Centre of Origin and Centre of Diversity for crops like rice, Indian dwarf wheat, kodo millet, legumes like black gram, green gram; spices such as black pepper, turmeric, cardamom and ginger; and fruits like jackfruit and m... [ more ]

Benin’s experience in the management of sacred forests for biodiversity conservation


Benin is a country located in Western Africa with an area of 122 600 km2. Considered as the “birthplace of voodoo” (or Vodoun, as spelled in the local language meaning “god”), the county contains approximately 2940 sacred forests according to... [ more ]

Local livelihood in the Lower Songkhram Basin, Thailand


Map Location: Introduction: The Lower Songkhram River Basin encompasses a broad range of wetland habitat types associated with a functional floodplain ecosystem, linked to the Mekong River. Annual extensive flooding phenomena are dependent on in-... [ more ]

The use of agrobiodiversity by indigenous and traditional agricultural communities in: Adapting to climate change

UNDERSTANDING ADAPTATION Together with increasing temperatures, climate change also leads to increasingly unpredictable and variable rainfall (both in amount and timing), changing seasonal patterns and an increasing frequency of extreme weather even... [ more ]

Community Forestry in Nepal

Back Ground Community forestry has achieved broad global acclaim over the past three decades as a successful model for natural resource management that is innovative, people-centered and effective. It is increasingly recognized as a means for promot... [ more ]

Identification of potential benefits of urbanization for degraded grasslands in central Hunshandak Sandland, China


1. Introduction Urbanization is the process of concentrating population within a city, which usually serves as the local center of politics, economy, commerce, transportation, education, information and culture (World Resources Institute, 1996). The... [ more ]

Biodiversity Conservation through Domestication of High Value Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Mountain Ecological Landscapes of Nepal


1.Introduction In recent years, bio-diversity conservation and poverty reduction through effective use and management of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) has become a fervent agenda of many scientists and development practitioners in the mountai... [ more ]

Reintroduction Project of the Oriental White Stork for Coexistence with Humans in Satoyama areas, Hyogo, Japan


INTRODUCTION The Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana) is a species of bird that inhabits river valleys, wet meadows, and marshes with scattered clumps of the trees (Hancock et al. 1992).  The storks prefer rural environments containing paddy fie... [ more ]

Training for Capacity Development on Biodiversity conservation and rural development

1. Concept 1) Background of the Training The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is an independent administrative institution responsible for the implementation of bilateral components of Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). W... [ more ]

A review of policy actions for more resilient land management in the upper watersheds of Davao

1.Description of the Problem/ Challenge The challenge today in the Marilog area is the serious degradation of the ecosystems, including loss of forest cover, soil erosion and deteriorating water quality. The degradation of the upland ecosystem is ... [ more ]

Waterbird conservation promotes important energy flow between rice paddies and nearby Important Bird Areas in Cuba

1.Regional Profile and the importance of rice cultivation in the national and local economy Cuba is the largest and most westerly island of the insular Caribbean, accounting for over 50% of the region’s land area. Mainland Cuba is 1,250 km long an... [ more ]

Working for the Living in Harmony with Nature, Aichi’s Efforts toward Ecosystem Networking


Introduction The Aichi Targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 adopted at the tenth Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP10) in 2010, to achieve address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by ma... [ more ]

Passerano Marmorito’s bio-cultural landscape

Passerano Marmorito (hereafter referred to as “Passerano”) is a little village located in Piedmont, North-West Italy, in a hilly wooded region in the Asti province. Here you can still feel the old political-administrative identity of the Radicati... [ more ]

Monitoring the Biodiversity of Tsunami Affected Areas in Tohoku


On 22nd May 2011,”The Tohoku Green Renaissance Project” has been declared by Tohoku University and local NPOs as follows: “The massive earthquake and tsunamis of 11th March 2011 caused catastrophic damage to the coast line of Tohoku region. ... [ more ]

Integrating scientific and traditional knowledge for co-management of socio-ecological landscapes for the well-being of communities in the flood-dependent lower floodplain agroforestry, pastoral and fishery systems of the eastwards flowing rivers of Eastern Africa


Cluster 1: Knowledge Facilitation: Synthesis and normalisation of the existing data at different scales (local, river basin, regional). Students and researchers of KENWEB have put a database of publications and books on the Tana River Delta togeth... [ more ]

Productive bamboo landscapes of Western Zhejiang


Bamboo’s distribution and characteristics in Anji and Lin’an Anji and Lin’an are situated in the northwestern corner of Zhejiang province in the Tianmushan mountain range. Both counties have large farming populations, with 87% of inhabitants... [ more ]

Role and involvement of the commune council in community forestry activities in Domnak Neak Tathmor Puan

1. Introduction On February 03, 2002, the Royal Government of Cambodia held commune/sangkat council elections nationwide, as conducted by the National Election Committee (NEC). The goal of locally electing community representatives was to improve... [ more ]

Facilitating stakeholders and community involvement in a Satoyama landscape


1.2 Outline of the Region Nomi City’s Satoyama area is located in the center of Kaga plains which is situated in the south of Ishikawa Prefecture. The area to the east of Nomi is an alluvial fan sandwiched between the Tedori River flowing from t... [ more ]

Mainstreaming satoyama in research, education and regional collaboration towards the revitalization of Noto Peninsula


I. The Satoyama Satoumi Project Kanazawa University Kanazawa University is located in Kakuma Hills of Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture. As a central university of the Hokuriku Region, Japan, it boasts 3 colleges and 16 schools with 1,012 teaching... [ more ]

Conserving biodiversity by utilizing wood thinned from forests as biomass fuel for power generation (Sustainable Utilization of Biological Resources)


1. Introduction As mentioned in Table 1, the biomass power generation facilities are currently under construction on the premises of the Second Thermal Power Plant operated by the Nobeoka Power Supply Dept. in the Energy Division of Asahi Kasei Ch... [ more ]

Ankeniheny-Zahamena Corridor, a field demonstration model


Background The Ankeniheny-Zahamena Corridor (CAZ) has long been regarded as one of Madagascar’s top conservation priorities and numerous studies have catalogued its rich biodiversity. To date over 2,043 species of plants have been identified (85... [ more ]

Community-based adapatation in Namibia – a tool to enhance conservation tillage practices

Introduction Local climate change and its variability pose greater risks for vulnerable, poor, and marginalized communities due to the physical impact it makes there. Since 2009, the UNDP-GEF CBA project in Namibia has been working with 12 villages ... [ more ]

Promoting co-management of socio-ecological landscapes in flood dependent agroforestry, pastoral and fishery systems of eastwards flowing rivers of Eastern Africa through scientific research and indigenous knowledge

Project concept Problem statement: Over the last fifty years, Eastern African wetlands in general and the lower floodplains in particular, have experienced major changes due to climate change, land use changes, upper catchment impoundments, agricult... [ more ]

Natural Resource Management in the Critical Habitat of Western Siem Pang


1.      General Description and Regional Context The northern and eastern plains of Cambodia represent the most intact remnant ecosystem of a landscape that is thought to have once dominated southern Indochina and Thailand (Hout et al., 2003). ... [ more ]

Abrolhos seascape, a field demonstration model


Background The Abrolhos Region is located off the southern coast of the State of Bahia, Brazil (Figure 1). It is an area of 95,000 km2 where the continental shelf extends far into the ocean leaving an area of relatively shallow water (~20-70 meter... [ more ]

The Agras field system as a cultural landscape in Galicia (Spain)


Introduction The main objective of this research is the analysis of the dynamics of traditional agrarian landscape of agras in the Galician community in order to provide data regarding its historic-cultural value, spatio-temporal distribution, as we... [ more ]

Small Scale Catchment Management in Malawi


Lake Malawi, the third largest lake in Africa, has the greatest number of endemic fish species in the world and is a biodiversity hotspot. Its rapidly evolving cichlid species are estimated at around 1,000. In particular, the mbuna group of rock... [ more ]

Nature-Friendly Agriculture in the State of Queensland, Australia

Australia has a highly advanced agricultural sector and has largely depended economically on the export of agricultural products, despite receiving small amounts of rainfall over most of its territory. This is mainly due to large-scale farm ma... [ more ]

Conservation and management of agricultural land by traditional methods in Machida City, Tokyo, Japan


The Tokyo Metropolitan Government has designated approximately 37,000 square metersof the Zushi-Onoji region of Machida City where traditional land uses and agriculture of the yato area are still present as the “Zushi-Onoji Historical and Environme... [ more ]

Forest management through community-based forest enterprises in Ixtlan de Juarez, Oaxaca, Mexico

In Mexico, deforestation and land degradation due to population growth, past agricultural policies, expansion of the agricultural frontier, over-exploitation, poorly regulated tourism, accelerated economic development, and arbitrary settlement polici... [ more ]

Homegardens: sustainable land use systems in Wayanad, Kerala, India

Wayanad district is part of the Kerala State lying in the southern tip of peninsular India (figure 1). The area falls on the edges of the Deccan plateau and is unique because of its higher elevation (700 to 2100 meters above mean sea level) compared ... [ more ]

Town revitalization making the most of natural landscape and traditions of Kanakura Wajima City, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan

In Kanakura of Wajima City in Ishikawa Prefecture, efforts are made to carry out ecotourism, promote local specialities, and other activities making most of local landscape and traditional culture.“The non-profit organization, Kanakura School”, a... [ more ]

The sustainable use and biodiversity of paddies fields of Louisiana

The United States of America occupies the large continent, its climatic zone extends by the frigid zone from the subtropical zone, and it has a major mountain ranges, expansive prairies and vast rivers, and there are various natural environments. The... [ more ]

Living by Utilizing Various Modified Natural Resources in the Solomon Islands

In addition to subsistence activities such as farming, fishing and gathering food from forests, in recent years the residents of the Solomon Islands have been making their livelihoods by obtaining cash through activities such as selling marine resour... [ more ]

The Maasai’s shifting modes of subsistence

In Loitokitok, Rift Valley province of Kenya, some people of Maasai, nomadic herdsmen whose diet had traditionally been only cow milk and blood, have started farming recently. Severe drought caused by recent climate change is in the background. This ... [ more ]

Landscape Management in Germany

Europe is so developed that the farmland accounts for more than half of the total land use. Therefore, farmland is a significant target area for biodiversity conservation in Europe. This is a field report on farmers, who are “the managers of... [ more ]

Land Use and Biodiversity Patterns on Chacras in Northeast Argentina

While extremely long longitudinally, the Latin America alone cover a broad range of latitudes and accompanying climates, from tropical in the north to polar in the south. Argentina, which is situated at the southern tip of South America, is a major a... [ more ]

Production of new industries of agricultural mountain village in Kyotango City, Kyoto, Japan

With aims to restore the devastated natural environment and establish new industries, Amita Corporation, a Japanese private enterprise, works on constructing the matter cycle mainly through biogas power generation and forest dairy farming in Kyotango... [ more ]

Land Use and Natural Resource Utilization and Management in Kampong Cham, Cambodia

Use and management of natural resources and land was studied in Wat Chas village in Cambodia where agriculture plays an important role for sustainable land use and appropriate natural resource management. Introduction Agriculture plays an impor... [ more ]

Community Forestry in Thailand

In the past, the Thai government had exclusive authority over forest management in Thailand, but since the end of the 1980s, local residents have taken on the responsibility. Community members help preserve and manage the resources in nearby forests,... [ more ]

Use and Management of “Muyong” in Ifugao Province, Northern Luzon Island in the Philippines

At the beginning of the 20th century, it was estimated that about 70% of the Philippines was covered by forest, but this ratio has since dropped to less than 20%. Despite the overall decline, the forests have been preserved in relatively good conditi... [ more ]

The Ayllu System of the Potato Park, Cusco, Peru

The Potato Park is a unique model of holistic conservation of the Andean traditional landscape with a focus on conservation of agrobiodiversity (Argumedo, 2008). The Park is located in a known microcenter of origin and diversity of potatoes, one of t... [ more ]

Creation and Management of Diverse Secondary Forest in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia


Around Lore Lindu National Park (Taman Nasional Lore Lindu) in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, there is a mosaic-like landscape, due to particular land-use patterns. The indigenous inhabitants recognize the various land-use areas by a detailed descripti... [ more ]